Modernism & Postmodernism

The era of modernism can be described as a breakthrough for documenting reality and making a comparison to art. The early 20th century was subjected to war and involved a large portion of the world’s population. New scientific research enabled people to study their environments and reject the works of the Realism era.

Contrast of Modern and Postmodern Thinking

 

Modern

Postmodern

Reasoning From foundation upwards Multiple factors of multiple levels of reasoning. Web-oriented.
Science Universal Optimism Realism of Limitations
Part/Whole Parts comprise the whole The whole is more than the parts
God Acts by violating “natural” laws” or by “immanence” in everything that is Top-Down causation
Language Referential Meaning in social context through usage

Source: http://private.fuller.edu/~clameter/phd/postmodern.html

Schematic Differences between
Modernism and Postmodernism

Modernism

Postmodernism

romanticism/symbolism

paraphysics/Dadaism

purpose

play

design

chance

hierarchy

anarchy

matery, logos

exhaustion, silence

art object, finished word

process, performance

distance

participation

creation, totalization

deconstruction

synthesis

antithesis

presence

absence

centering

dispersal

genre, boundary

text, intertext

semantics

rhetoric

paradigm

syntagm

hypotaxis

parataxis

metaphor

metonymy

selection

combination

depth

surface

interpretation

against interpretation

reading

misreading

signified

signifier

lisible (readerly)

scriptible

narrative

anti-narrative

grande histoire

petite histoire

master code

idiolect

symptom

desire

type

mutant

genital, phallic

polymorphous

paranoia

schizophrenia

origin, cause

difference-difference

God the Father

The Holy Ghost

Metaphysics

irony

determinacy

indeterminacy

transcendence

immanence

(SOURCE: Hassan “The Culture of Postmodernism” Theory, Culture, and Society, V 2 1985, 123-4.)


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